By Julie Coleman
The ebook of Francis Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue revolutionized the lexicography of non-standard English. His impact is felt in many of the dictionaries lined during this quantity which replica, variously, his conscientiously documented reliance on written assets, his extremely joyful revelation of first-hand adventure of the seedier aspect of London existence, and his word-list. in this interval, glossaries of cant are thrown into the coloration by way of dictionaries of slang, which come with the language of thieves, yet disguise a wider spectrum of non-standard English. whereas cant represented a realistic danger to estate and existence, slang used to be an ethical danger to the very constitution of society. within the 1820s, Pierce Egan's lifestyles in London tested how well known and winning slang literature might be one of the plenty. This quantity additionally comprises the earliest Australian and American slang glossaries, by means of contributors like James Hardy Vaux (a convict transported 3 times) and George Matsell (New York's first leader of police).
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Edo, also known as Bini, is the language spoken by way of a few million humans in and round Benin urban in Nigeria. it's the lanuage of the previous Benin nation, well-known for its paintings.
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* Melzian, Hans - A Concise Dictionary of the Bini Language of Southern Nigeria, 1937.
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* Osayomwanbo Osemwegie Ero - Egirama Edo Nogbae (Intensive Edo Grammar), 2003
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Additional resources for A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries, Volume II: 1785-1858
Painter, the Rope that lies in the Ship’s Longboat, or Barge, alwaies ready to Fasten her, or Hale her on Shoar. I’ll Cut your Painter for ye, I’ll prevent ye doing me any Mischief; the Tar-Cant, when they Quarrel one with another . . Classical Dictionary ADRIFT, (sea phrase) loose, turned adrift, discharged. PAINTER, I’ll cut your painter for you, I’ll send you off, the painter being the rope that holds the boat fast to the ship, (sea term). Many other nautical and naval terms are listed which are not from B.
31 33 32 Grose, Classical Dictionary (1785), vii. Grose, Classical Dictionary (1785), vi–vii. The treatment of syphilis with mercury caused excessive salivation. 32 Francis Grose Defecation also features to a far greater extent than we have seen in earlier cant and slang dictionaries: FARTLEBERRIES, excrement hanging to the hairs about the anus, &c. of a man or woman. FIZZLE, an escape backward, more obvious to the nose than ears. PLUCK . . to pluck a rose, an expression said to be used by women, for going to the necessary house, which in the country usually stands in the garden.
To build a sconce, a military term for bilking one’s quarters . . Others could be derived from Grose’s own experience, including: BUTCHER, a jocular exclamation used at sea, or by soldiers on a march, when one of their comrades falls down, and means, butcher! butcher! where are you? here is a calf that has the staggers, and wants bleeding. MOHAIR, a man in the civil line, a townsman, or tradesman, a military term, from the mohair buttons worn by persons of those descriptions, or any others not in the army; the buttons of military men being always of metal; this is generally used as a term of contempt, meaning a bourgeois, tradesman, or mechanick.
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