By Kaarle Nordenstreng, Ulf Jonas Björk, Frank Beyersdorf, Svennik Høyer, Epp Lauk, Juan Somavia
This examine provides a basic heritage of ways journalism as an rising career grew to become the world over equipped over the last 100 and 20 years, visible customarily throughout the institutions based to advertise the pursuits of reporters around the globe.
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Extra resources for A History of the International Movement of Journalists: Professionalism Versus Politics
P. 22. 108. , p. 23. 109. Fengler et al. (2014). 2 As a result of this revolution, stressed Albert Bataille and Paul Œker, journalism had become a profession and a career, ‘the job of thousands of brave people who lay no claim to genius but make a living from work that is honourable, regular, often painful, sometimes dangerous’. 3 This appeal from more than a century ago for increased professionalism among journalists was directed by Bataille and Œker to the world’s ﬁrst international journalism organization, the International Union of Press Associations (IUPA), meeting in Lisbon, Portugal, for the ﬁfth International Congress of the Press.
Journalism, especially print journalism, is largely constrained by rules and conventions, broadcasting journalism, in addition, by its technology. Online publishing is basically accessible to anyone. Probably, in online journalism, news Frames and Contradictions of the Journalistic Profession 35 organizations’ business interests appear as the major constraints. The question then arises as to how much these frameworks allow or restrict creativity of journalists. 106 They argue that the same structures that constrain journalists’ creativity also enable them to produce their work.
25. Mott (1941) American Journalism. A History of Newspapers in the United States through 250 Years, 1690–1940. 26. Baldasty (1992) The Commercialization of News in the Nineteenth Century. 27. Schudson (1997) ‘Toward a Troubleshooting Manual for Journalism History’. 28. Diesen (1917) ‘Præssens mænd, deres arbeide, krav og ret’, pp. 94–95. 29. Kaul (1986) ‘The Proletarian Journalist: A Critique of Professionalism’. 30. Björk (1994) ‘The Press Congress of the World and International Standards for Journalists 1921–26’.
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