By Mack P. Holt

Mack P. Holt (ed.)

This publication examines our dating with alcohol and examines how drink has developed in its services and makes use of from the overdue center a while to the current day within the West. This publication discusses quite a number concerns, together with household as opposed to leisure use, the historical past of alcoholism, and the connection among alcohol and violence, faith, sexuality, and medication. It seems at how yes sorts of alcohol discuss type, gender, and position. Drawing on examples from Europe, North the USA, and Australia, this booklet presents a finished background of the function of alcohol during the last 5 centuries.

'In their exploration of those meanings [of alcohol in a particular position at a particular time], the authors make clear the facility kinfolk underlying shifts in alcohol intake styles and the tensions that frequently come up among teams with conflicting vested interest.'Yoon Hui Kim, magazine of Biosocial Science'A basic, lucid but attention-grabbing quantity that's sure to hold you interpreting ... total it is a light-mood, solid occasions, effortless-reading compilation and much like a dessert.'Internet magazine of ebook Reviews


Introduction 1 half I Morality and wellbeing and fitness 9
1 in your overall healthiness: Wine as nutrition and drugs in Mid-sixteenth-
century Italy eleven Ken Albala
2 Europe Divided: Wine, Beer, and the Reformation in Sixteenth-
century Europe 25 Mack P. Holt
3 within the Public Sphere: Efforts to shrink the intake of Rum
in Connecticut, 1760–1820 forty-one David W. Conroy
4 In Vino Veritas: the development of Alcoholic sickness in Liberal
Italy, 1880–1914 sixty one Paul A. Garfinkel
5 Mon docteur le vin: Wine and healthiness in France, 1900–1950 seventy seven Kim Munholland
Part II Sociability 91
6 consuming and Alehouses within the Diary of an English Mercer’s
Apprentice, 1663–1674 ninety three A. Lynn Martin
7 Taverns and the general public Sphere within the French Revolution 107 Thomas Brennan
8 Drink, Sociability, and Social category in France, 1789–1945: The Emergence of a Proletarian Public Sphere 121 W. Scott Haine
vi Contents
9 The Lore of the Brotherhood: Continuity and alter in Urban
American Saloon tradition, 1870–1920 a hundred forty five Madelon M. Powers
Part III kingdom and kingdom 161
10 “To the King o’er the Water”: Scotland and Claret, c. 1660–1763” 163
Charles Cameron Ludington
11 profit and Revelry on faucet: The Russian Tavern 185 Patricia Herlihy
12 ingesting the nice existence: Australia c. 1880–1980 203 Diane Erica Kirkby
13 Kaleidoscope in movement: ingesting within the usa, 1400–2000 225 Jack S. Blocker, Jr.

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Example text

8 But there appears to be no link whatsoever between the geographical division of Europe regarding Carnival and a wine-drinking culture of the flesh in southern Europe and a more ascetic beer drinking culture of penance in northern Europe. And as most scholars of the Reformation now fully accept, the confessional divisions of Europe into Protestant and Catholic areas was just as much he result of politics and the political choices of kings and princes as it was a result of the religious 00Alcohol 1/2/06 30 8:14 am Page 30 Morality and Health choices (not to mention drinking choices) of sixteenth-century Christians.

00Alcohol 1/2/06 8:14 am Page ii This page intentionally left blank 00Alcohol 1/2/06 8:14 am Page 25 –2– Europe Divided Wine, Beer, and the Reformation in Sixteenth-century Europe Mack P. Holt When historians of food and drink look at a map of Western Europe in the sixteenth century, they see a Europe divided between a largely beer (or ale) drinking culture in northern Europe, stretching from the British isles, across the North Sea to the Low Countries, Scandinavia, and the German Empire, and a largely wine-drinking culture in southern Europe, stretching from the Iberian peninsula across the Mediterranean coast from France, the Italian peninsula, and the Balkan region to Greece.

Another common misperception, in fact, is that it was John Calvin’s efforts to instill moral discipline in Geneva in the 1540s, 1550s, and 1560s that established the foundation of Protestant attempts to regulate alcohol. The execution of the 00Alcohol 1/2/06 34 8:14 am Page 34 Morality and Health Spaniard Miguel Servetus in 1553 for heresy as well as the notorious oversight of the city by the Calvinist consistory has consistently given Calvin the reputation of a proto-Puritan killjoy. This is patently unfair, however, as Calvin was a moderate man who never thought about trying to eliminate alcohol from Geneva.

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