By Mauk Mulder (auth.), B. van Rootselaar (eds.)

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This section must be concluded with the following remarks. First, the original distinguished types of transformation (Section 3) turn out to be rather aspects of transformation that can be applied on every level of the system and in every kind of set within the system. Secondly, the relation between paired terms as internal-external, relationalcomponential, type-I-II, and type-A-B is not simply coordinate and symmetrical, but asymmetrical, subordinate and hierarchical. In all these cases there are two relevant but independent criteria that combine in four ways.

W. 3) O~t~T can be used. Another point is that it is not realistic that people living after the "period" are not considered at all. Final conditions, for instance on NR, can be built in to prevent "apres nous Ie deluge". An altogether different criterion would be to keep the world going as long as possible. Tis not fixed here, but should be maximized. End-conditions should be given to define T. In this case minimum constraints should be imposed on QL or MSL. 5. The method of optimization The method of optimization is based on dynamic programming.

In this way it is possible to describe an almost infinite variety of systems, both quantitative and qualitative, in a very precise way. It is a two-step analysis. First, we make an inventory of the components (C set) and relations involved in the system (on the type or label level: L set), including those with its environment. Second, we check for which of the components, or component pairs, triples, etc. the relations do hold. The second step results in the R set. In the descriptions of the formal structures it is always understood that the R and L sets have no redundant elements.

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